The french revolution and the 3rd estate
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What did the third estate want
Part of the trouble lay with such economic fundamentals as backward methods of farming, the shortage of land, and overpopulation. Before , wages had risen by around 20 percent, however, food prices and rents had increased by 60 percent in the same period resulting in the struggles they faced. In Finland, this legal division existed until , still drawing on the Swedish constitution of On these occasions deputies from the States of the various provinces as the counties, prince-bishoprics and duchies were called asked for more liberties. Many peoples whose territories within the Holy Roman Empire had been independent for centuries had no representatives in the Imperial Diet, and this included the Imperial Knights and independent villages. If the clergy and nobility wanted a voice in shaping the future of France, they must sit in the National Assembly as equals with the Third Estate. The Riksdag, and later the Diet of Finland was tetracameral : at the Riksdag, each Estate voted as a single body. Makeup of the Estates The Third Estate was thus a vastly larger proportion of the population than the other two estates, but in the Estates General , they only had one vote, the same as the other two estates had each. Each were free men, and had specific rights and responsibilities, and the right to send representatives to the Riksdag of the Estates. As in Sweden, the nobility has not been officially abolished and records of nobility are still voluntarily maintained by the Finnish House of Nobility. This book was not the only expression of this idea as there was a flood of similar pamphlets and essays circulating the nation in early The only way the wealthiest of the bourgeoisie could gain nobility was by buying it through venal offices, though by the s this was becoming very expensive.
Because the Parliament of Scotland was unicameral, all members sat in the same chamberas opposed to the separate English House of Lords and House of Commons. The clergy was represented by the independent prince-bishopsprince-archbishops and prince-abbots of the many monasteries. The Riksdag, and later the Diet of Finland was tetracameral : at the Riksdag, each Estate voted as a single body.
You will note, however, that this time he does not offer any supporting evidence for his statement.
Free course French Revolution 2. Their representatives to the Diet were elected indirectly: each municipality sent electors to elect the representative of an electoral district.
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