Inclusion as a good approach to integrate the disabled students with the non disabled students

how to help special needs students in the classroom

Recent neo-liberal and individualistic values and developments encourage this view Arduin ; Kreitz-Sandberg In the first case, inclusion refers to one dominant value, idea and practice. Inclusion gave more focus on teaching and learning processes, and was supposed to bring about pedagogical changes that integration had not managed Graham and Jahnukainen Teacher competence The above discussion of teaching quality clearly relates to teacher competence.

Norwich, B.

Inclusion as a good approach to integrate the disabled students with the non disabled students

Inclusion involves fellowship and participation in school culture and curricula for all students Booth Kauffmann, eds. Brazilian Physical Education teachers' beliefs about teaching students with disabilities. Segregation occurs when students with disabilities are educated in separate environments classes or schools designed for students with impairments or with a particular impairment. Journal of Teacher Education, v. Each country must develop its own path to inclusive education Mitchell a. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, v. The dominating ideal theories of inclusive education state that students with disabilities shall be entitled to full membership in regular classes together with children from the same neighbourhood in local schools. Mostert, M. As a part of this process, it must also bring about its own understanding and perspectives concerning inclusive education. Haug, P. In spite of an overriding formal normative consensus, it is not possible to find one universally institutionalized definition of inclusive education. Nes, K. The dominating current use comes from how to organize and teach special education to students with disabilities Florian , a narrow approach. International Journal of Disability, Development and Education, p.

To be able to improve general teacher competence, there is also a need to further develop the approaches to teaching in inclusive schools. Inclusive education teachers use principles of individualized instruction to address the strengths and needs of their students.

Inclusion of special needs students in regular classrooms

The close connection between inclusive education and special education has made placement, being taught together with all other students, an important element in inclusion, a parallel to what happened earlier in the case of integration. Benefit then becomes superior to fellowship and participation when deciding about placement, which also could be an argument for retaining special schools within an inclusive ideology. Parent participation in assessment and in development of individualized education programs. It seems that accountability, neo-liberal market orientation and individualization, as well as school competition and demands for higher academic standards, all produce effects that could be obstructive to inclusive ideas in education, and that do not promote inclusive schools Hardy and Woodcock ; Kreitz-Sandberg Other negative points presented by the authors refer to the difficulty of teachers in obtaining access to information about the disabilities of the students and the lack of a support professional to collaborate in the classes, especially in the case of more severe disabilities. Additional research and resources include: Australian Bureau of Statistics Other studies have also pointed out that the type and severity of pupil disability may interfere with teachers' attitudes towards school inclusion. Without doubt, countries and schools can learn from each other.

Then the different parts and levels would support each other, and improve the chances of achieving the ambitious objectives. Other studies have also pointed out that the type and severity of pupil disability may interfere with teachers' attitudes towards school inclusion.

And why is inclusion so often only mentioned in passing in many policies? Oversold and Underused: Computers in the Classroom.

Integration vs inclusion in education

Differences between learners are a matter of degree, not a matter of category Florian In the latter case, inclusive education is a product of multiple values and processes. Her conclusion was that the challenge for inclusion is to free itself from the focus on special education and set its own independent agenda. Improving Schools, Developing Inclusion. The best place for learning defines inclusion An alternative way to practise the narrow approach is to define inclusive education not as full membership in a mainstream class but as the best place for learning. It is a long-term, national or regional commitment to upholding the rights of all students by ensuring that all school-aged children are in school and that the system responds to the strengths and needs of every child without discrimination. Mitchell, 1— It is not in line with the most common definitions and theories. The practical state of inclusive education in many countries differs widely, between and even within schools. In countries where many young people with disabilities are not in school, more investment is needed in order to provide them with an education. Operating a segregated program as an alternative to inclusion is NOT a twin-track approach. As a part of this process, it must also bring about its own understanding and perspectives concerning inclusive education. Including students with high needs—primary schools, New Zealand Government.

Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research.

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Understanding inclusive education: ideals and reality