Crude heavy oil production thesis

The three performance axes for thermal solvent oil sands recovery processes. Typically the bottom of the reservoir contains the most biodegraded, most dense and most viscous oils. For example, a Peace River viscosity profile is displayed in Figure 2. The average oil saturation is 0. Free cash flow is operating cash flow minus capital expenditures. The best well configuration would be one where gravity drainage supplies reservoir fluids to the producer, the wells are close enough to efficiently establish thermal communication, initial oil production is obtained from the lower viscosity bitumen in the upper portions of the reservoir, and the wells are situated to produce the oil from the lower parts of the reservoir to obtain reasonable recovery factors. June That this is unsustainable is obvious.

In the SAGD model, a single well pair is placed in the centre of the reservoir model. There is a balance between placing the production well high enough so that it accesses relatively low viscosity oil to facilitate steam chamber growth yet not too high in the reservoir so that ultimate recovery suffers.

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The reservoir thickness is 32 m. Figure 6 also displays the oil flow rate relative to the bottom oil under gravity drainage. In such a vertically graded reservoir, the best place to position the production well is near the top of the reservoir in the lower viscosity material.

Also profit margins are small because of high capital and operational costs.

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Figure 2. In each well, the viscosity varies significantly over distances of up to m.

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June J-well accesses majority of reservoir. Average recoveries from heavy oil and oil sand reservoirs are typically low ranging from 5 to 15 percent for cold heavy oil production and from 30 to 85 percent for steam-based in situ processes.

For thermal process design, the better quality, lower viscosity oil is typically at the top of the reservoir.

Reduced steam volume. In recent times surfactants produced by microbes have gained wider acceptability in the petroleum industry due to their low toxicity and ease with which they are naturally broken down in the environment. Several drillers went bust. Dead oil phase viscosity variations along four different horizontal wells estimated from geochemical proxies measured from cuttings along the well. Therefore, to accelerate production, well placement should be designed to recover this oil first. In each well, the viscosity varies significantly over distances of up to m. This of course has direct consequences for production of heavy oil from this reservoir. Wenger, L. Fleet, eds. It seems the first part of her analysis is proving correct with regard to tight oil production and probably deepwater and arctic oil. In December production inched above the previous high mark and stayed there through July , the month the oil price peaked.

GravDrain Inc. Not surprisingly, this constrained supply brought on high prices. This means that even for a steam process, the ideal place to start a steam chamber is actually near the top of most reservoirs — not the bottom.

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