The Catholic Church forced him to spend the last nine years of his life under house arrest. The rebirth of classical antiquity and Renaissance humanism also resulted in many Mythological and history paintings. He set the standards for sculpting, painting, poetry and architecture.
Many have emphasized the role played by the Medici, a banking family and later ducal ruling house, in patronizing and stimulating the arts. As more people learned how to read, write and interpret ideas, they began to closely examine and critique religion as they knew it. Later, in a movement known as the Counter-Reformation, the Catholic church censored artists and writers in response to the Protestant Reformation.
Not every artist painting during this period is considered a Mannerist artist. Leonardo da Vinci While Leonardo da Vinci is admired as a scientist, an academic, and an inventor, he is most famous for his achievements as the painter of several Renaissance masterpieces.
Calvinist churches believe in the simple life and a strong work ethic. Beginning in Italy, and spreading to the rest of Europe by the 16th century, its influence was felt in literature, philosophy, art, music, politics, science, religion, and other aspects of intellectual inquiry.
His adoption of oil paint as his primary media meant that he could depict light and its effects on the landscape and objects more naturally and with greater dramatic effect than had ever been done before, as demonstrated in the Mona Lisa.
He became very rich as both a goldsmith and an artist, but died penniless.
As a result, a new form of Christianityknown as Protestantism, was created.