Muckraking In addition to elements of naturalism, Sinclair incorporates a variety of muckraking techniques. Mowgli and Bagheera set out sometime after dark. Jurgis finds Marija in a whorehouse, working as a prostitute.
An example of this is Jurgis, whose initial stance for his work at the meatpacking factory is that of an honest, hard-working man, but he eventually resorts to drinking, crime and abandoning his family after being emotionally tortured; the moment of his dehumanisation is when he returns to the factory to knowingly work for corrupt men.
He then becomes involved in the corrupt Chicago political machine and takes part in a scam to help Mike Scullythe political power of Packingtown, elect a Republican to the city council and to help retain his power. It also, however, led to a report issued the same year by the Department of Agriculture's Bureau of Animal Husbandry that refuted the worst of Sinclair's allegations.
From the outset of the novel, the notion of being dragged from happiness and hope down into an underworld of despair created by capitalism is present. In the ensuing chaos, Mowgli ties a flaming branch to Shere Khan's tail, and the fire spooks the tiger, sending him running away.
Jurgis Rudkus and his family are not real people.